The islands ... face demographic challenges in the future with an ageing population which will require specific transport needs, whilst the economy will be shaped by new sectors. The historic village centres, tightly-knit urban areas and in some cases very high population densities are also a challenge but might provide opportunities for better land use and transport planning.
In Malta “there is a strong cultural effect whereby car ownership is equated with being a success and bus use is socially looked down upon which appears to have played an exaggerated role in driving up car borne mobility still further”
Most Maltese villages sprawl outwards from the village core, defined by the Parish Church, whereas few others occur as suburbs to larger towns. This lends to streets being especially narrow in the village core, with wider streets appearing towards the outskirts (the more recently constructed areas). As a result, despite Malta's small size, the road network and urban layout is such that certain villages may still be classified as remote, notwithstanding their physical proximity to central areas.
Introducing grade-separated public transport network would provide an efficient and reliable system. If designed well, such a network would boost the public's confidence in public transport and increase its popularity.
In Malta, any policy decision aimed at controlling car use would be highly unpopular with voters; immediately jeopardising political power. Consequently, control of car use is lacking, both directly and indirectly (through lack of planning and investment in alternatives). This creates a financial burden on the economy.